Judicial performance evaluation exists in 17 states and the District of Columbia as an official program. Not all states with judicial performance evaluation adopt all four elements of the O'Connor Judicial Selection Plan. Click on each state below for more information about their JPE program.
In 6 states, performance evaluation results are provided to voters for use in retention elections.
In 4 states and the District of Columbia, performance evaluation results are provided to those responsible for reappointing judges.
In 2 states, summary performance evaluation results (i.e., individual judges are not identified) are provided to the public to enhance confidence in the courts.
In 5 states, performance evaluations are provided only to individual judges for the purpose of self-improvement.